Ahead of the 2021 UN Food Systems Summit researchers push for solutions that contribute to sustainable and just food system transformations
- 因为世界正在变暖, droughts risk amplifying food insecurity and conflicts
- 研究人员 present three ways the challenges of climate vulnerable and conflict-prone areas can be addressed through improved food security
- The 2021 UN Food Summit must focus on the needs and challenges of the people living in vulnerable and fragile regions
问题的核心是: It is widely recognized that there is a need to transform the food system, and to improve food security in vulnerable and conflict-prone regions. 因为世界正在变暖, 干旱是加剧, 导致粮食不安全, 营养不良, 饥饿和大范围饥荒.
This in turn can lead to internal and cross-border migration, 社会动荡，极端情况下甚至发生冲突.
Then there is COVID-19 which has fueled even more food insecurity. 2020年，接近2.370亿人无法获得足够的伟德官方网址.
“If the realities and needs of vulnerable and fragile regions are ignored, then social injustices and environmental pressures experienced by these communities will be aggravated and lead to further food insecurity,中心研究员Cibele Queiroz解释道, 论文的第一作者发表在 自然的伟德官方网址.
The paper was co-authored by centre colleagues Albert Norström, 行戈登, 安德里亚·唐宁, Johan Rockstrom, 大卫·豪利特和纳撒尼尔·马修斯 全球韧性伙伴关系(GRP).
Several experts from other international organizations also contributed to the paper, 它的灵感来自于在百乐宫举行的GRP会议, Italy in March 2019 about the urgent transformation towards resilient food systems.
Queiroz and her colleagues present three ways the challenges of climate vulnerable and conflict-prone areas can be addressed through improved food security:
1. Halt agricultural land expansion but invest in local food security
To establish long term food security, global climate and biodiversity targets must be met. Agricultural expansion must be halted and degraded lands must be restored. The sustainability and productivity of existing production systems must also be improved.
2. Put resilient landscapes and seascapes at the heart of food systems transformations
有多种多样的农作物, 动物, 和鱼, as well as farming practices and business models will help build food systems resilience to surprises and shocks such as extreme weather 事件, 自然灾害或冲突和政治不稳定.
Investing in the long-term resilience and sustainability of food systems in conflict can boost local livelihoods and food security, and make individuals less prone to be recruited into conflicts. 但是，这些方法必须与上下文相关.
Ahead of the 2021 UN Food Systems Summit Queiroz and her colleagues are clear:
We need a policy agenda with a much stronger focus on the needs and challenges of the people living in vulnerable and fragile regions. It is only by addressing those challenges in a way that integrates both social and ecological aspects that we will be able to hit the heart of our global food system’s problems.
奎罗斯,C.Norstrom,.V.喝,. 等. 2021. Investment in resilient food systems in the most vulnerable and fragile regions is critical. Nat伟德官方网址 2, 546–551 (2021). http://doi.org/10.1038/s435-2
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